California Lawmakers Announce Measures to Protect Renters and Combat Housing Crisis
Proposals would protect renters from unfair evictions and rent increases
Sacramento, Calif. - A group of California lawmakers and advocates announced multiple proposals today to address California's housing crisis by giving tenants throughout the state greater protections. The bills would give localities more flexibility to stabilize rental prices, protect tenants across the state from large rent increases, prevent unfair evictions, and collect data about the California rental market.
The majority of California’s 17 million renters do not have access to stable and affordable housing. Over half of California renters are rent-burdened, meaning they spend over 30 percent of their income on rent, and one-third of renters spend over 50 percent of their income on rent. 160,000 families appear in eviction court annually.
Tenants have been hit especially hard by California’s housing crisis. Skyrocketing rents and an increase in evictions have led to mass displacement and a severe homelessness crisis. The bills announced seek to stem that tide and ease the burdens renters face.
To give local jurisdictions more tools to address their housing needs, Assembly Bill 36 authored by Assemblymember Richard Bloom (D-Santa Monica) would make modest reforms to the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act, allowing cities to apply rent stabilization measures to rental units that are more than 10 years old. The bill also allows cities to stabilize rents in single family rentals and condominiums with an exemption for small landlords who own two or fewer rental units.
“Recent efforts to address one of the state’s most glaring problems have failed, but the problem has not gone away,” said Assemblymember Bloom. “Skyrocketing rents threaten many people, particularly seniors, the disabled, and young families with children. The time to come together around a solution is now.”
Assembly Bill 1482 authored by Assemblymember David Chiu (D-San Francisco) would institute a statewide anti-rent gouging law to protect against the most egregious rent increases tenants face. The bill would cap annual rent increases at a level above the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for all rental properties in California that are not subject to local rent control ordinances. This bill would not supersede local rent control ordinances.
“Millions of Californians are just one rent increase away from becoming homeless,” said Assemblymember Chiu. “This legislation will help bring some peace of mind and predictability to renters, allowing them to plan for their future and stay in their homes.”
Assemblymember Rob Bonta (D-Oakland) announced Assembly Bill 1481, which would prevent discriminatory, arbitrary, and retaliatory evictions. This bill would prohibit a landlord from evicting a tenant without a demonstration of cause. A handful of cities throughout California have existing “just cause” ordinances that require landlords to show a specific and valid reason outlined in statute in order to evict a tenant.
“The housing crisis is more than an issue of supply and affordability,” said Assemblymember Bonta. “We must do more to stop unjust evictions that threaten the estimated 17 million Californians who rent the place they call home. My Just Cause legislation will extend fair protections that are badly needed to keep a roof over our neighbors’ heads.”
The only public data available on the California rental market is collected by local rent boards. Most jurisdictions do not have a rent board making the statewide data woefully incomplete. To address this, Assemblymember Buffy Wicks (D-Oakland) introduced Assembly Bill 724 to establish a statewide rental registry. Landlords would be required to report on an annual basis the rental units they own, rent collected, and other details.
“Right now, we lack statewide data on rent hikes and tenant displacements because there's no one agency responsible for keeping track, and not every city gathers this data,” said Assemblymember Wicks. “In order to achieve evidence-based policies that fight displacement and protect tenants, we need a more complete picture of the reality renters face. My bill, AB 724, gets us there by creating a statewide rental registry to track key stats on rental housing and evictions.”
These bills are expected to be heard in Assembly policy committees in March and April.
Voices Standing Up for California’s Renters
“Millions of California renters are living on the precipice of homelessness every day. The protections afforded by these bills are reasonable. Whether by creating access to available options through a registry, or ending the shameful practice of rent gouging, the impact on renters in every neighborhood will be profound.” --Assemblymember Laura Friedman (D-Glendale)
“The housing affordability crisis in California is real. Twenty percent of hard-working families are housing insecure due to high rents and extreme rent gouging by landlords. We have a responsibility to ensure that families can afford to live here. AB 1482 will protect nearly five million rental households by capping annual rent increases, and providing families with rental stability and peace of mind.” --Assemblymember Kevin McCarty (D-Sacramento)
“As we work to address California’s extreme shortage of affordable housing, we must prioritize the needs of low-income renters who are threatened with homelessness by skyrocketing rents. Building more housing to accommodate residents at a range of income levels will take time and people struggling right now don’t have time to wait. We applaud Assemblymembers Chiu, Bloom, and Bonta for taking bold and necessary action to keep families housed and bring stability to communities that are being devastated by California’s displacement crisis.” --Anya Lawler, Policy Advocate at Western Center on Law & Poverty
“As a senior living on fixed income, when my landlord raised my rent 12% last year I thought I was going to become homeless. We were able to stop it then, but we’re facing another rent increase this year again. I barely have enough money to buy food and medicine each month. Without the Keep Families Home Bill Package, I will be homeless.” --Elsa Stevens, a member of the Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment (ACCE) and a senior citizen from Richmond, California
“I’m lucky that I have a good job that allows me to provide a safe, secure and stable home for my 9-year old son and I, but that home comes with a roof that leaks, cracks in the ceiling and power outlets that don’t work. I’m afraid that if I complain to my landlord about these problems she will raise my rent even more or even put me and my son out on the street. I know I am not alone in these problems – my union brothers and sisters also worry about landlords raising their rents by hundreds of dollars next month or even losing their homes. These important bills will help empower SEIU members and renters throughout the state and protect tenants’ rights to the California Dream." --Robyn Mutchler, a member of SEIU Local 1021 who lives in Sacramento
Renters don’t have the luxury of waiting years for market rate housing to trickle down. 2019 is the year California steps up and protects tenants.” --Michelle Pariset of Public Advocates
"Every day it is more and more difficult for families and those who provide basic services like nurses, house keepers and teachers to say in their communities. And many find themselves homeless after an arbitrary eviction or sudden rent increase. This is an immoral situation for our state. That's why these initiatives are urgently needed." --Fr. Larry Good of East Palo Alto and PICO California
Below are links to audio of Assemblymembers Bonta, Chiu, Bloom, Wicks, Carrillo, McCarty, Friedman and the entire press conference which includes remarks from Anya Lawler, Policy Advocate at Western Center on Law & Poverty, Robyn Mutchler, a member of SEIU Local 1021 who lives in Sacramento, Sasha Powell with Fair Rents Redwood City and Christina Livingston, Executive Director of ACCE.
Opening remarks from Assemblymember Rob Bonta. (3:12)
Remarks from Assemblymember David Chiu. (3:23)
Remarks from Assemblymember Buffy Wicks. (2:45)
Remarks from Assemblymember Wendy Carrillo. (2:36)
Remarks from Assemblymember Richard Bloom. (5:54)
Remarks from Assemblymember Kevin McCarty. (2:25)
Remarks from Assemblymember Laura Friedman. (4:43)
Entire Renters Legislative Package news conference. (54:33)